Wealth inequality; Gini coefficient in your country; Sustainable development goals.



Global Goal


Collaboration; Creative Thinking; Critical Thinking; Compare & Contrast; Questioning

Age Group

12-13 years / Grade 8

Learning Standards

McREL: 2. Understands characteristics of different economic systems, economic institutions, and economic incentives. 5. Understands unemployment, income, and income distribution in a market economy.






This is an inspiring story of children reaching out to change the system of discrimination in their village. Casteism is one of the rural social problems, which is very peculiar to the Indian society. To combat this, students of Satya Bharti School, Jaipur, Rajasthan in India decided to sensitize the citizens of their village by discussing, role plays, hunger strike, and rallies. The hunger strike by children shook the parents and elders in the community and helped them to realize the change that children were trying to bring. It is an example of that change is possible and children can drive it.

Lesson Plan

· Teacher can have a session on wealth inequality. How is money distributed? "World's eight richest people have the same wealth as poorest 50%," according to The Guardian. Students can do research on their own country and try to search the reasons.


· Teacher can have a session on the Gini coefficient in order to measure the inequality. What is your country’s Gini index? Students can go beyond and analyze what it is behind. A comparison with the surrounding countries can be carried out to get a better understanding.


· If possible: Students can investigate how the Gini index has evolved since e.g. World War II. Is the government taking action to change the situation? How does the social development look like in your country?


· The UN has recently adopted "a set of goals to end poverty, protect the planet, and ensure prosperity for all as part of a new sustainable development agenda. Each goal has specific targets to be achieved over the next 15 years." Students can do research on the 17 sustainable development goals and choose one in order to elaborate an action plan.